Chapter 1-5 Checkpoint Exam Answers 100%
1. QuestionWhat is an example of a binary value from everyday life?
Explanation:A binary digit (or bit) has two possible values, 0 or 1. The on and off state of a simple switch is an example of the two states represented by a bit.
2. QuestionWhich wireless technology is used on smart phones to transmit data to another device within only very close proximity?
Explanation:Near Field Communications (NFC) is a wireless technology that enables data to be exchanged by devices that are in very close proximity to each other.
3. QuestionWhich two devices are shared peripherals? (Choose two.)
Explanation:A shared peripheral device does not connect directly to a network. This device is attached to a host (such as a PC) and the host connects to the network to share the peripheral device.
4. QuestionWhich three configuration components are required to allow a host to communicate with other hosts on remote networks? (Choose three.)
Explanation:An IP address, a subnet mask, and a default gateway are required on a host that must communicate with another host in a remote network. DNS server information is needed if mapping a domain name to an associated IP address. DHCP server information is dynamically learned and is not a required configuration for remote network reachability.
5. QuestionWhich three factors should be considered when choosing the appropriate network media? (Choose three.)
Explanation:Several criteria should be considered when selecting network media:
- The cost of the media and installation
- The environment in which the media is installed
- The amount of data and the data transfer rate desired
- The distance between hosts that the media will connect
6. QuestionWhich factor classifies a host as a server?
Explanation:A server is a host with server software installed. Although CPU, memory, and the network connection will determine the performance of a server, it is the server software that provides desired server services.
7. QuestionWhich two types of interference may affect the data throughput on UTP cables? (Choose two.)
Explanation:Unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cabling is sensitive to the interference introduced by electromagnetic interference (EMI) and crosstalk.
8. QuestionWhich statement defines a data communications protocol?
Explanation:A data communication protocol is a set of rules that govern the communication process.
9. QuestionWhich statement describes a MAC address?
Explanation:The Media Access Control (MAC) address is a physical address assigned to each Ethernet NIC by manufacturers. It is 48-bits in length. The MAC address is used to identify the source and destination on a local Ethernet network. It cannot be routed to remote networks.
10. QuestionWhat information does an Ethernet switch examine and use to build its address table?
Explanation:An Ethernet switch examines the source MAC address of an incoming frame. If the source MAC address is not in the MAC address table, the switch will add it to the table with the associated ingress Ethernet port.
11. QuestionWhat is the equivalent decimal value given a binary number of 11001010?
Explanation:The equivalent decimal value for a binary number of 11001010 can be determined by 1*2^7+1*2^6+1*2^3+1*2^1.
12. QuestionWhat is the difference between the terms bandwidth and throughput?
Explanation:Both bandwidth and throughput are the measurement of data transfer over a period of time. They use the same measurement units. However, bandwidth is used to indicate the theoretical capacity of a network connection whereas throughput is used to indicate the actual data transfer rate between two hosts at the time of measurement.
13. QuestionWhich three IP addresses are considered private addresses? (Choose three.)
Explanation:The designated private IP addresses are within the three IP address ranges:
- 10.0.0.0 – 10.255.255.255
- 172.16.0.0 – 172.31.255.255
- 192.168.0.0 – 192.168.255.255
14. QuestionWhich IP address is a unicast address if a default subnet mask is used?
Explanation:The IP addresses 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, and 188.8.131.52 are Class C addresses. With the default subnet mask of 255.255.255.0, 184.108.40.206 is a unicast address or host address, 220.127.116.11 is a broadcast address, and 18.104.22.168 is a network address. IP address 22.214.171.124 is a Class D multicast address.
15. QuestionWhat is the full uncompressed representation of the IPv6 address 2001:DB8:0:0:AA::200?
Explanation:An IPv6 address is made up of 128 bits represented in hexadecimal numbers.There are two rules that help reduce the number of digits needed to represent an IPv6 address.
- Rule 1 – Omit leading zeros in any 16-bit section.
- Rule 2 – Replace any single group of consecutive zeros with a double colon (::). This can only be used once within an IPv6 address.
16. QuestionA user types http://www.cisco.com into a web browser to visit the corporate website. Which service will resolve the domain name to an associated IP address?
Explanation:When a user types a domain name to visit a website, the DNS service is called to resolve the domain name to its associated IP address before the user packet is sent to the website.
17. QuestionA user opens multiple windows on the desktop with several tasks including web surfing, emailing, and Skype calling. What is used by the TCP/IP protocol stack to track the specific sessions for each application?
A user may request different services from the same server or different servers. TCP and UDP port numbers are used to keep track of specific sessions between a client and server.
18. QuestionWhich two application layer protocols manage the exchange of messages between a client with a web browser and a remote web server? (Choose two.)
Explanation:Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and HTTP Secure (HTTPS) are two application layer protocols that manage the content requests from clients and the responses from the web server. HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language) is the encoding language that describes the content and display features of a web page. DNS is for domain name to IP address resolution. DHCP manages and provides dynamic IP configurations to clients.
19. QuestionA client is sending a message to request information from a web server on the Internet. Which parameter is used in the message to indicate the specific service requested?
Explanation:When clients send requests for a service from a server, the destination port number is used to indicate the specific service requested.
20. QuestionHow much data can be encapsulated into a normal sized Ethernet frame before it is sent over the network?
Explanation:According to the Ethernet standards, each Ethernet frame can carry 46 to 1500 bytes of user data. During the encapsulation process, other fields are added, such as destination MAC address, source MAC address, and FCS. The size of Ethernet frames is normally limited to a maximum of 1518 bytes and a minimum of 64 bytes.
21. QuestionWhich transport layer protocol provides best effort delivery without guaranteeing that packets arrive at the destination?
Explanation:User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is a best effort transport layer protocol. Unlike TCP, it does not use an acknowledgment protocol to ensure reliable packet delivery. TCP provides reliable delivery service. HTTP and SSH are application layer protocols in the TCP/IP model.
22. QuestionWhich scenario describes a peer-to-peer network?
Explanation:In a peer-to-peer network there is no centralized or dedicated server. A user computer can be a client to request service from another user computer and a server to share a network resource (such as a printer) to other users.
23. QuestionWhich three devices are considered intermediate devices in a network? (Choose three.)
Explanation:Intermediate devices in a network provide network connectivity to end devices and transfer user data packets during data communications.
24. QuestionWhen a host sends a packet, how does it determine if the destination of the packet is on the same local network or on a remote network?
Explanation:When a host sends a packet, it uses the subnet mask to compare the source IPv4 address and the destination IPv4 address. If the network bits match, both the source and destination host are on the same local network. Otherwise, the destination host is on a remote network.
Match the TCP/IP model layer to the function.
Open the PT Activity. Perform the tasks in the activity instructions and then answer the question.
What is the code displayed on the web page?
The IP address configuration on PC0 requires the following:
- IP address – any valid host address on the LAN, except for .254
- Subnet mask – default value for the network
- Gateway – the nearest router interface
- DNS – the DNS server on the ISP network